Orthopedics is a medical specialty that deals with the treatment of bones and muscles. Orthopedic surgery is the branch of medicine concerned with diseases, injuries, and conditions of the musculoskeletal system relating to the body's muscles and skeleton, and including the joints, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.
Most people will see an orthopedist at some point in their life, and some people will see their orthopedist very often. Yet there is often confusion about exactly which conditions orthopedists treat. Orthopedics is the study of the musculoskeletal system. Doctors in this field of medicine specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and therapy of conditions affecting bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and nerves in patients of all ages, from newborn babies to the elderly.
Types of Orthopaedic Treatment
Orthopedic patients have benefited from technological advances such as joint replacement, and the arthroscope that allows the orthopedist to look inside a joint. But your visit will start with a personal interview and physical examination. This may be followed by diagnostic tests such as blood tests, X-rays, or other tests.
Your treatment may involve medical counseling, medications, casts, splints, and therapies such as exercise, or surgery. For most orthopedic diseases and injuries, there is more than one form of treatment. Your orthopedist will discuss the treatment options with you and help you select the best treatment plan to enable you to live an active and functional life.
It includes treatments of:
b) Carpal tunnel syndrome
c) Torn meniscus
f) Hip fracture
g) Back and neck pain
i) Joint Replacement
Risk factors include:
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Joint replacements carry the same dangers as other major surgeries, like a chance of infections or blood clots. You're most at risk for these problems if you have heart disease, diabetes that's not well controlled, or a weak immune system - your body's defense against germs. Your surgeon may prescribe antibiotics and blood thinners to try to prevent some complications
The other major risk is that the new joint may not work as well as you hoped. It might feel weak or stiff, particularly the knee. "Patients who don't actively rehabilitate will not regain the maximum range of motion," Bush-Joseph says. To get the best results from your knee surgery, stick carefully to your rehab schedule of exercise, rest, and medicines.
Our body reacts to a fracture by protecting the injured area with a blood clot and callus or fibrous tissue. Bone cells begin forming on either side of the fracture line. These cells grow towards each other and thus close the fracture.
Stress fractures are caused by a rapid increase in the intensity of exercise. They can also be caused by impact on a hard surface, improper footwear, and increased physical activity. Athletes participating in certain sports such as basketball, tennis or gymnastics are at a greater risk of developing stress fractures. During these sports the repetitive stress of the foot strike on a hard surface causing trauma and muscle fatigue. An athlete with inadequate rest between workouts can also develop stress fracture.
Joint Replacement Procedures. These procedures replace an injured joint with a prosthetic and are among the most common orthopedic operations. Common joint replacement surgeries include hip and knee replacement surgeries. It is important that patients are monitored for signs of complications after these procedures because the procedures carry a considerable amount of risk. Among these risks are the chances that the implant will fail or that the materials making up the implant will make their way into the blood, causing a toxic condition known as metalosis.
Revision Joint Surgery. If an existing implant has failed, it may be necessary to remove it and implant a new one. Revision surgeries are often required when the patient received a defective implant or an older implant has failed.
Debridement. Whenever tissue death has occurred and the affected tissue needs to be removed before healing can occur, a debridement procedure is how doctors will remove it. There are some cases where bone is also removed when necessary.
Spinal Fusion. Spinal fusions join the vertebrae together to provide more stability to the spine or to repair damage to the spine. For more information on spinal surgery, look here.
Bone Fusion. Like spinal fusions, bone fusions use grafting to fuse fractured bones together so that they can heal.
Soft tissue repair. These procedures focus on torn ligaments or tendons.
Internal Fixation of Bones. This type of surgery places fragments of bones together and keeps them in place using pins, screws or plates so that they can heal. In some cases, the devices will remain inside of the body.
Osteotomy. If a child has bone deformities, he or she will need this type of operation to help correct the deformity so that the bone grows properly.
Dislocated elbow. Some dislocated elbows go back into place by themselves. Most, however, need a doctor to manipulate the bones back into their proper alignment. This procedure is called a reduction.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy, which is also referred to as ACP (Autologous Concentrated Plasma), is where a concentrated mixture of platelets from your own blood is used to treat a number of Orthopaedic conditions. Platelets naturally occur in your own blood and part of their function is to stimulate healing.
Range of Treatment Cost
INR 200000 - 6000000